Botswana, a landlocked country in southern Africa, boasts a diverse topography that includes vast grasslands, fertile floodplains, and rocky hills.
The country's elevation ranges from 513 meters to 1,491 meters above sea level. The varying altitude creates a multitude of ecosystems, from arid deserts to lush marshes.
The topographical features of Botswana have a significant impact on the country's climate, agriculture, and wildlife. Rivers like the Okavango and Chobe provide vital irrigation and drinking water to plants and animals alike.
The varied landscape of Botswana also makes it a popular destination for tourists looking to explore the country's natural beauty and experience its rich culture.
The highest point in Botswana is the Tsodilo Hills, which stands at 1,491 meters above sea level. Considered a sacred place for the San people, this towering rock formation offers a breathtaking view of the surrounding plains.
The lowest point in Botswana is the junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers, near the border with South Africa and Zimbabwe. This location sits at an elevation of 513 meters above sea level.
Botswana's topography shares similarities with other southern African countries such as Namibia and Zimbabwe. These countries also have vast stretches of grasslands and rocky hills. However, Botswana's unique position in the Kalahari Basin provides it with a distinct level of biodiversity.
See here a list of 10 cities in Botswana and their elevation above sea level.