Laos is a mountainous country with a rugged terrain and a varied topography. The highlands and plateaus are the dominant features of the landscape, with elevations ranging from 600 to 2,700 meters above sea level.
The hills, valleys, and rivers create an intricately patterned terrain that is covered in dense forests, scattered with farms and rice fields, and dotted with small villages and towns. The topography of Laos is heavily influenced by the region's complex tectonic history and the interactions of various natural forces.
The elevation of the land is an important factor that shapes the climate and vegetation in Laos. The higher altitudes are generally cooler and receive more rainfall than the lower areas. This has implications for agriculture, wildlife, and human settlements in the country.
The topography of Laos also affects the distribution of natural resources, such as minerals, ores, and timber. In addition, it plays a role in the development of transportation infrastructure, with roads and bridges being built to connect the remote parts of the country.
The highest point in Laos is Phou Bia, which has an elevation of 2,818 meters above sea level. This mountain is located in the northern part of the country and is a popular destination for hikers and mountaineers.
The lowest point in Laos is the Mekong River, which has an elevation of approximately 70 meters above sea level. The river flows through the length of the country and is an important transportation and trade route for the region.
Laos shares many similarities in its topography with neighboring countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. All these countries have complex landscapes with highland areas, lowlands, and river valleys. The Mekong River, which runs through Laos, is an important feature of the region's topography and supports a diverse range of ecosystems and wildlife.
See here a list of 10 cities in Laos and their elevation above sea level.