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Madagascar Elevation Map

Madagascar is known for its diverse topography that ranges from coastal plains to mountains and plateaus. The country lies on the eastern edge of the African tectonic plate and has been shaped by volcanic activity and erosion.


Its central highlands are particularly noteworthy, featuring numerous peaks and valleys, with elevations reaching as high as 8,671 feet (2,643 meters). The terrain is rugged and densely forested, with steep slopes and deep gorges carved out by rivers and streams.


The eastern coast is marked by low-lying plains that give way to rolling hills as they meet the central highlands. The western coast, on the other hand, is mostly flat with sandy beaches and coral reefs.

Overall, the elevation map of Madagascar is varied, with natural wonders to be found in every corner of the island.

Highest point

The highest point in Madagascar is Maromokotro, which stands at 9,435 feet (2,876 meters) tall. It is located in the northern part of the country and is part of the Tsaratanana Massif mountain range. The summit can be reached by hiking along a scenic trail that offers views of the surrounding landscape.

Lowest point

The lowest point in Madagascar is the Indian Ocean, which surrounds the island. The coastline is mostly flat with a few small hills and cliffs in certain areas.

Similar landscape

Madagascar's topography is similar to other large islands in the region such as Borneo and New Guinea. Both share a diverse landscape with unique flora and fauna. Their mountainous terrain also plays a role in regulating local climates and groundwater availability.

Popular cities

See here a list of 10 cities in Madagascar and their elevation above sea level.