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Turkmenistan Elevation Map

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia with a diverse topography. The terrain varies from mountains to deserts, and from steppes to valleys.


The mountain ranges of Turkmenistan span across the Kopet Dag and the Kugitangtau Mountains, which have peaks rising above altitude of 2,000 meters.


The desert region of Karakum covers most of the central and southern parts of Turkmenistan, which is known for its sand dunes and winter frost.

The Merv Oasis, Karakum Canal, Balkan Mountains and the Caspian Sea are some of the main geographical features of Turkmenistan.

Highest point

The highest point in Turkmenistan is Mount Ayrybaba, which stands at an elevation of 3,139 meters above the sea level. It is located in the Kugitangtau Mountains in southeastern Turkmenistan.

Lowest point

The lowest point in Turkmenistan is Vpadina Akchanaya, which is about 81 meters below sea level. It is located in the Kara-Kum Desert in western Turkmenistan.

Similar landscape

Turkmenistan shares similar geography with other Central Asian countries like Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, which also have varied topography with deserts, mountains, and steppes.

Popular cities

See here a list of 10 cities in Turkmenistan and their elevation above sea level.