The Philippines is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, with an estimated population of 108 million people. The country has a diverse landscape with mountains, hills, valleys, and numerous small islands scattered throughout the region.
The terrain of the Philippines is characterized by extensive coastal lowlands and rugged mountain ranges. The mountain ranges are predominant in the northern and eastern parts of the country, while the lowlands are found along the coasts.
The mountain range of the Philippines is composed of many peaks with an altitude ranging from 1,000 meters to over 2,000 meters. The mountains provide a good breeding ground for a lot of wildlife animals and plants. Rivers and streams also are prominent features that have formed along this terrain, and natural pools and waterfalls can be found in some areas.
The Philippines has a tropical climate, with the average temperature ranging from 24-32 °C year-round. The country experiences significant rainfall throughout the year, which has determined the topography and drainage patterns of the area.
The highest point in the Philippines is Mount Apo, with an elevation of 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level. It is located on the island of Mindanao and is considered sacred by the indigenous people who live in the area.
The lowest point in the Philippines is the Philippine Sea, with an elevation of 0 meters (0 ft) above sea level, which comprises a significant portion of the country's eastern seaboard.
Similar countries in Southeast Asia that share a similar topography with the Philippines include Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, all of which similarly have rugged mountains, lowlands along the coasts, and numerous small islands.
See here a list of 10 cities in Philippines and their elevation above sea level.